A Washington Post Expert's Pick on Terrorism and the Middle East


Saddam Hussein and the World Trade Center Attacks:
A Study of Revenge

(Previously Published as Study of Revenge)

Saddam Hussein and the World Trade Center Attacks - A Study of Revenge

By Laurie Mylroie
Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the Gulf
With a foreword by former CIA Director R. James Woolsey,
and newly revised introduction and conclusion by the author.


"Move over, Tom Clancy, Laurie Mylroie has written the year's thriller…. This splendid and wholly convincing book should form the basis for urgent Senate and House hearings to get to the bottom of the case."

-Richard Perle, former Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy

"After September 11 many, including myself, believe that the attacks may be the result of a partnership between the terrorists and a state with a sophisticated intelligence service and a program of biological warfare. If this proves to be true and Iraq is shown to be the terrorists' partners, there is no reason for anyone to ask, 'Why didn't someone warn us?' because Laurie Mylroie did."

-R. James Woolsey, former CIA Director

"Provocative and disturbing…argues powerfully that the shadowy mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing…was in fact an agent of Iraqi intelligence."

-Paul Wolfowitz, Deputy Secretary of Defense

"A convincing case that the technical skills, coordination, and resources required for mega-terror operations need the support of hostile intelligence agencies and governments with an overriding need to strike America senseless."

-Washington Post

On September 11, Americans were faced with destruction so terrifying that they couldn't always speak of it in direct terms. Instead, they made comparisons: it was like a movie, a nightmare, Pearl Harbor. But in fact, this attack resembles nothing more than it resembles the first bombing of the World Trade Center in 1993, the harbinger of terrorism to come.

In THE WAR AGAINST AMERICA (ReganBooks; An Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers; On-sale Date: November 7, 2001; ISBN 0-06-009771-X; $14.00 U.S. / $20.95 Canada), Laurie Mylroie-an adviser to Bill Clinton on Iraq and coauthor of New York Times bestseller Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the Gulf-revisits her previous in-depth investigations of this first attack. Now, taking into account compelling new information, Mylroie offers a real-life detective story that follows the individuals-and perhaps nations-behind the original bombing. In the process, she raises astonishing questions about the September 11 assault and the biological attacks that have followed.

In his foreword, former CIA Director R. James Woolsey supports Mylroie's assertions that during the early 1990's, the U.S. government shifted from viewing terrorism as a tool used by governments to a practice engaged in by smaller fringe networks. This change led U.S. officials to go after the individuals responsible for the first World Trade Center attack while overlooking the fact that those men appeared to have extensive contacts with Iraqi intelligence. But here, Mylroie traces the actions of Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind behind the bombing, who remained at large until a botched attempt to down a dozen U.S. planes two years later. In reviewing Yousef's phone calls before the bombing, false passports and escape patterns, Mylroie finds ties to Iraq at every turn. Could it be that he was acting alone, out of his own hatred for America, or was the Iraqi government, and Saddam Hussein in particular, supporting Yousef in what was once the most ambitious terrorist attack on U.S. soil?

During this time when Americans are desperately seeking answers, they first need to discover which questions to ask. Nineteen men, who seemed to be working with Osama bin Laden, took down four planes on September 11. But was bin Laden working with support from shadow nations? And Saddam Hussein, who has stores of anthrax, has vowed that his battle with America will continue. Is this his idea of revenge?

THE WAR AGAINST AMERICA is a must-read for anyone seeking a greater understanding of terrorism. Laurie Mylroie's tireless research and thoughtful analysis offer stunning, convincing new evidence about the 1993 World Trade Center bombing that will forever change the way that Americans view the events of September 11.

About the Author

Laurie Mylroie, publisher of the online newsletter Iraq News, was an adviser on Iraq to the 1992 presidential campaign of Bill Clinton. She is an adjunct fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and has taught at Harvard University and the U.S. Naval War College. She is coauthor, with Judith Miller, of the New York Times number-one bestseller Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the Gulf. Her articles have appeared in the Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Newsweek, Atlantic Monthly, National Interest, Commentary, New Republic, and American Spectator.

By Laurie Mylroie
ReganBooks; An Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers
On-sale November 7, 2001
ISBN 0-06-009771-X


  • THE VISIBLE HAND: The Iraqi Connection

  • Interview with Dr. Laurie Mylroie

  • Iraq behind destruction of World Trade Center?

  • Links between Iraq & Osama Bin Laden





  • Laurie Mylroie: Is Iraq involved with U.S. terror attacks?

  • Spores, Additives Raise Iraq Questions

  • Hijacker 'given anthrax flask by Iraqi agent'

  • Anthrax: The Elephant in the Room

  • U.S. Faced with Iraqi Complicity in Attack

  • FRONTLINE, "Gunning for Saddam," Airing on PBS, Nov 8, 9:00 PM

    As Americans are confronted by acts of bioterrorism, powerful forces in the nation's capitol believe Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is to blame for this and many other terrorist acts during the last decade. Many are lobbying to mobilize a military operation to oust Hussein when the next phase of the war on terrorism kicks in. Proponents of the plan, including former Clinton administration CIA director James Woolsey, contend Hussein was involved in the first World Trade Center bombing, the attempted assassination of President George H.W. Bush in 1993, and the ongoing state sponsorship of terrorist activities. Foes of this plan argue that attacking Hussein will destabilize other nations in the region, most prominently Saudi Arabia, and no doubt destroy the carefully crafted coalition presently hunting for Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan. FRONTLINE investigates America's other enemy, Saddam Hussein.

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